Chongqing 重庆

The famous mountain city Chongqing is China’s fourth municipality after Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin. It is a port city in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers.

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Since its founding 3,000 years ago, Chongqing has been called Jiangzhou, Yuzhou, and Gongzhou, before getting its present name nearly 800 years ago. Since the Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206 BC), many dynasties have set up administrative institutions that have endowed the city with brilliant cultures. Perched beside the Yangtze, the “Golden River,” Chongqing symbolizes Yangtze River civilizations and is the cradle of Bayu culture.

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Qiansimen Bridge over Jialingjiang
A newly constructed bridge over the Jialingjiang connecting Chaotianmen area with the Chongqing Grand Theatre area.

Jiefangbei (解放碑)
Jiefangbei stands in the most prosperous downtown center of Chongqing. Jiefangbei, or the People’ s Liberation Monument, formerly known as the Monument of Victory in the War of Resistance, usually called the “Anti Japanese war, is a 27.5 meter high structure which was at the time of construction, the highest building in Chongqing. It is the center of the city marked as Chongqing’s commercial heart.

Chaotianmen (朝天门)
The area on the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialingjiang is being developed to become the new place to be in Chongqing.

 

Ciqikou (磁器口)

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The name of the town can be traced back to porcelain production during the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing Dynasties. Formerly a busy port located at the lower reaches of the Jialing River’s west bank, a thousand years after its foundation the town remains a symbol and microcosm of old Chongqing (Jiang Zhou).

According to historical records, Ciqikou was first built during the reign of Emperor Zhenzong of Song (r. 998—1004). It gained prominence during the Ming Dynasty as a commercial port and market town, shipping goods both by land and water. Reaching its climax during the end of the Qing Dynasty, the town has been described poetically: in Ciqikou, as “one thousand people greet each other during day … ten thousand lamps flicker at night”.The name of the town can be traced back to porcelain production during the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing Dynasties. Formerly a busy port located at the lower reaches of the Jialing River’s west bank, a thousand years after its foundation the town remains a symbol and microcosm of old Chongqing (Jiang Zhou).

 

Chongqing Zoo

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Located in the west of Chongqing City, Chongqing Zoo was built in 1955, and covers an area of 45 hectares. It is one of China’s Mid-scale zoos, and is set amid rolling hills and beautiful natural scenery.

The zoo houses more than 200 different animal species, and more than 2,000 animals in total. It is an immensely popular attraction, welcoming as many as one million visitors every year. The Panda House covers an area of about 2 hectares, and is the undoubted highlight for visitors. Visitors can see the precious and childlike giant panda as well as other rare animals such as golden monkeys and South China tigers.

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