Uluru, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Northern Territory

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is Aboriginal land, jointly managed by its traditional owners Anangu and Parks Australia.

The World Heritage listed park, 1,325 square kilometres in size, is in the spiritual heart of Australia’s Red Centre in the Northern Territory.

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The ancient monolith Uluru is probably Australia’s best-known natural landmark. Uluru is better known as Ayers Rock; it named by William Gosse in 1873 after Sir Henry Ayers.

The rock was created over some 600 million years, and the Aborigines have been in the area for the last 10,000 years. It originally sat at the bottom of a sea, but today stands 348m above ground. Some 2.5kms of its bulk is underground.  Uluru is about 3.6kms long and 1.9kms wide, with a circumference of 9.4kms. The surface is made up of valleys, ridges, caves and weird shapes that were created through erosion over millions of years. Surface oxidation of its iron content gives the would-be grey Uluru a striking orange-red hue.

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